സിംഗോനാന്തസ്

(Syngonanthus എന്ന താളിൽ നിന്നും തിരിച്ചുവിട്ടതു പ്രകാരം)

എറിയോക്കോളേസീ എന്ന സസ്യ കുടുംബത്തിലെ ഒരു ജനുസ്സ് ആണ് സിംഗോനാന്തസ് [2][3]ഏകദേശം ഇരുനൂറോളം ഇനങ്ങൾ ഈ ജനുസ്സിലുണ്ട്. ഇവ ആഫ്രിക്കയിലെ ഉഷ്ണമേഖല, ലാറ്റിൻ അമേരിക്ക(മെക്സിക്കൊ ക്യൂബ മുതൽ തെക്ക് അർജന്റീന വരെ) എന്നിവിടങ്ങളിൽ ഉണ്ടായവയാണ്.[1][4][5][6]

  1. Syngonanthus acephalus Hensold - Amazonas State in Venezuela
  2. Syngonanthus albopulvinatus (Moldenke) Moldenke - Venezuela
  3. Syngonanthus allenii Moldenke - Colombia, Amazonas State in Brazil
  4. Syngonanthus amapensis Moldenke - Colombia, Venezuela, northwestern Brazil
  5. Syngonanthus amazonicus Moldenke - Colombia, Venezuela, northwestern Brazil
  6. Syngonanthus androsaceus (Griseb.) Ruhland - Cuba
  7. Syngonanthus angolensis H.E.Hess - Angola, Zaïre, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi
  8. Syngonanthus anomalus (Körn.) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, Ecuador, the Guianas
  9. Syngonanthus anthemidiflorus (Bong.) Ruhland - Brazil, Misiones Province of Argentian
  10. Syngonanthus appressus (Körn.) Ruhland - central and southern Brazil
  11. Syngonanthus aquaticus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  12. Syngonanthus arenarius (Gardner) Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  13. Syngonanthus atrovirens (Körn.) Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  14. Syngonanthus auripes Silveira - Bahia, Goiás
  15. Syngonanthus bartlettii Moldenke - Belize
  16. Syngonanthus bellus Moldenke - Venezuela, northern Brazil
  17. Syngonanthus bianoensis Kimp. - Zaïre
  18. Syngonanthus bicolor Silveira - Minas Gerais
  19. Syngonanthus biformis (N.E.Br.) Gleason - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, Peru, the Guianas
  20. Syngonanthus bisumbellatus (Steud.) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Pará, Piauí
  21. Syngonanthus blackii Moldenke - Pará
  22. Syngonanthus bracteosus Moldenke - Minas Gerais
  23. Syngonanthus cabralensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  24. Syngonanthus cachimboensis Moldenke - Pará
  25. Syngonanthus canaliculatus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  26. Syngonanthus capillaceus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  27. Syngonanthus caulescens (Poir.) Ruhland - State of Veracruz in Mexico; Costa Rica, Venezuela, Colombia, the Guianas, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  28. Syngonanthus chapadensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  29. Syngonanthus chrysanthus (Bong.) Ruhland - southeastern Brazil
  30. Syngonanthus costatus Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  31. Syngonanthus cowanii Moldenke - southeastern Colombia, Amazonas State in Venezuela
  32. Syngonanthus crassinervius Silveira - Minas Gerais
  33. Syngonanthus cuyabensis (Bong.) Giul., Hensold & L.R.Parra - Brazil, Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname
  34. Syngonanthus davidsei Huft - Chiapas
  35. Syngonanthus decorus Moldenke - Goiás
  36. Syngonanthus densiflorus (Körn.) Ruhland - Peru, Brazil, Bolivia
  37. Syngonanthus densus (Körn.) Ruhland - Brazil
  38. Syngonanthus diamantinensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  39. Syngonanthus dichroanthus Hensold - Goiás
  40. Syngonanthus duidae Moldenke - Venezuela
  41. Syngonanthus egleri Moldenke - Pará
  42. Syngonanthus exilis S.M.Phillips - Zambia
  43. Syngonanthus fenestratus Hensold - Venezuela, northern Brazil, Guyana
  44. Syngonanthus ferrensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  45. Syngonanthus filipes Silveira - Minas Gerais
  46. Syngonanthus fischerianus (Bong.) Ruhland - Brazil, Bolivia
  47. Syngonanthus flaviceps Silveira - Minas Gerais
  48. Syngonanthus flavidulus (Michx.) Ruhland - southeastern USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North and South Carolina)
  49. Syngonanthus fuscescens Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  50. Syngonanthus garimpensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  51. Syngonanthus glandulifer Silveira - Minas Gerais
  52. Syngonanthus goyazensis (Körn.) Ruhland - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  53. Syngonanthus gracilis (Bong.) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, Peru, the Guianas, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay
  54. Syngonanthus grao-mogolensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  55. Syngonanthus helminthorrhizus (Mart. ex Körn.) Ruhland - Brazil, Paraguay
  56. Syngonanthus heteropeploides Herzog - Venezuela, northern Brazil, Guyana
  57. Syngonanthus heterotrichus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  58. Syngonanthus hirtellus Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  59. Syngonanthus hondurensis Moldenke - Belize
  60. Syngonanthus humbertii Moldenke - Madagascar
  61. Syngonanthus humboldtii (Kunth) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, the Guianas
  62. Syngonanthus hygrotrichus Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  63. Syngonanthus insularis Moldenke - Isla de la Juventud in Cuba
  64. Syngonanthus inundatus (Körn.) Ruhland - Goiás
  65. Syngonanthus itambeensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  66. Syngonanthus lagopodioides (Griseb.) Ruhland - Cuba
  67. Syngonanthus lanatus Moldenke - Brazil
  68. Syngonanthus lanceolatus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  69. Syngonanthus laricifolius (Gardner) Ruhland - Brazil
  70. Syngonanthus latifolius (Moldenke) Hensold - Mato Grosso
  71. Syngonanthus leprieurii (Körn.) Ruhland - Pará, French Guiana, Venezuela
  72. Syngonanthus lisowskii Kimp - Zaïre
  73. Syngonanthus llanorum Ruhland - Colombia; Apure State in Venezuela
  74. Syngonanthus longibracteatus Kimp - Zaïre, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique
  75. Syngonanthus longipes Gleason - Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname
  76. Syngonanthus lundellianus Moldenke - Belize
  77. Syngonanthus macrocephalus (Moldenke) Hensold - Cerro Sipapo in Venezuela
  78. Syngonanthus macrolepis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  79. Syngonanthus manikaensis Kimp - Zaïre
  80. Syngonanthus marginatus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  81. Syngonanthus micropus Silveira - São Paulo
  82. Syngonanthus minutifolius Silveira - Minas Gerais
  83. Syngonanthus minutulus (Steud.) Moldenke - Pará, Minas Gerais
  84. Syngonanthus minutus (Moldenke) Hensold - Auyán-tepui in Venezuela
  85. Syngonanthus multipes Silveira - Minas Gerais
  86. Syngonanthus mwinilungensis S.M.Phillips - Zambia
  87. Syngonanthus nanus Moldenke - Paraná
  88. Syngonanthus ngoweensis Lecomte - Zaïre, Congo-Brazzaville, Angola
  89. Syngonanthus niger Silveira - Minas Gerais
  90. Syngonanthus nigroalbus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  91. Syngonanthus nitens (Bong.) Ruhland - Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela
  92. Syngonanthus oblongus (Körn.) Ruhland - Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela
  93. Syngonanthus oneillii Moldenke - Belize
  94. Syngonanthus ottohuberi Hensold - Amazonas State in Venezuela
  95. Syngonanthus pakaraimensis Moldenke - Venezuela, Guyana
  96. Syngonanthus paleaceus S.M.Phillips - Zambia
  97. Syngonanthus pallens Silveira - Minas Gerais
  98. Syngonanthus pauciflorus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  99. Syngonanthus peruvianus Ruhland - Peru
  100. Syngonanthus philcoxii Moldenke - Mato Grosso
  101. Syngonanthus philodicoides (Körn.) Ruhland - Bahia, Goiás
  102. Syngonanthus pittieri Moldenke - Panama
  103. Syngonanthus planus Ruhland - Bahia, Minas Gerais
  104. Syngonanthus plumosus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  105. Syngonanthus poggeanus Ruhland - Burundi, Zaïre, Congo-Brazzaville, Angola, Zambia
  106. Syngonanthus pulchellus Moldenke - Minas Gerais
  107. Syngonanthus pulcher (Körn.) Ruhland - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  108. Syngonanthus pulvinellus Moldenke - Minas Gerais
  109. Syngonanthus quadrangularis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  110. Syngonanthus reclinatus (Körn.) Ruhland - Brazil
  111. Syngonanthus restingensis Hensold & A.L.R.Oliveira - Bahia, Rio de Janeiro
  112. Syngonanthus retrorsociliatus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  113. Syngonanthus retrorsus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  114. Syngonanthus rhizonema Ruhland - São Paulo
  115. Syngonanthus robinsonii Moldenke - Zaïre, Zambia
  116. Syngonanthus schlechteri Ruhland - Zaïre, Gabon, Congo-Brazzaville, Tanzania
  117. Syngonanthus schwackei Ruhland - eastern Brazil
  118. Syngonanthus sclerophyllus Ruhland - Goiás
  119. Syngonanthus setifolius Hensold - northern Brazil, Venezuela
  120. Syngonanthus sickii Moldenke - Pará
  121. Syngonanthus simplex (Miq.) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, the Guianas
  122. Syngonanthus sinuosus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  123. Syngonanthus spadiceus (Körn.) Ruhland - Piauí, Minas Gerais
  124. Syngonanthus spongiosus Hensold - Amazonas State of Brazil
  125. Syngonanthus surinamensis Moldenke - Suriname
  126. Syngonanthus tenuipes Silveira - Minas Gerais
  127. Syngonanthus tenuis (Kunth) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil
  128. Syngonanthus tiricensis Moldenke - Bolívar State in Venezuela
  129. Syngonanthus trichophyllus Moldenke - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, Guyana
  130. Syngonanthus umbellatus (Lam.) Ruhland - Dominican Republic, Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, the Guianas
  131. Syngonanthus upembaensis Kimp - Zaïre
  132. Syngonanthus verticillatus (Bong.) Ruhland - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  133. Syngonanthus wahlbergii (Wikstr. ex Körn.) Ruhland - from Nigeria east to Tanzania, south to northern South Africa
  134. Syngonanthus weddellii Moldenke - Pará, Goiás
  135. Syngonanthus welwitschii (Rendle) Ruhland - Zaïre, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia
  136. Syngonanthus widgrenianus (Körn.) Ruhland - eastern Brazil
  137. Syngonanthus williamsii (Moldenke) Hensold - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil
  138. Syngonanthus xinguensis Moldenke - Mato Grosso
  139. Syngonanthus yacuambensis Moldenke - Ecuador
സിംഗോനാന്തസ്
Syngonanthus chrysanthus.jpg
Syngonanthus chrysanthus
ശാസ്ത്രീയ വർഗ്ഗീകരണം e
Kingdom: സസ്യലോകം
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: സപുഷ്പിസസ്യങ്ങൾ
Clade: ഏകബീജപത്രസസ്യങ്ങൾ
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Eriocaulaceae
Genus: Syngonanthus
Ruhland
പര്യായങ്ങൾ[1]
  • Philodice Mart.
  • Limnoxeranthemum Salzm. ex Steud.
  • Carptotepala Moldenke


അവലംബംതിരുത്തുക

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. Giulietti, A. M., M. J. Gomes de Andrade, L. R. Parra de Lazzari, C. v. d. Berg & R. M. Harley. 2009. (1902) Proposal to conserve the name Syngonanthus against Philodice (Eriocaulaceae). Taxon 58(3): 1008–1009.
  3. Brummitt, R. K. 2011. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 63. Taxon 60(4): 1202–1210.
  4. Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  5. Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
  6. Huft, M. J. 1994. 261. Eriocaulaceae. 6: 178–184. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.

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